Application of low-temperature microthermometric data for interpreting multicomponent fluid inclusion compositions


Steele-MacInnis, Matthew
Ridley, John
Lecumberri-Sanchez, Pilar
Schlegel, Tobias U.
Heinrich, Christoph A.

Fluid inclusions are commonly the best available source of information on the compositions of fluids in past geologic environments. Microanalytical data, predominantly from LA-ICPMS, allow assessment of the relative abundances of chemical elements in fluid inclusions. Such data show that geologic fluids commonly contain appreciable concentrations of multiple salts in addition to NaCl, particularly KCl, CaCl2, and FeCl2 as major components. Quantification of absolute salt concentrations generally requires an internal standard concentration, which is typically derived from microthermometric measurements interpreted according to the vapor-saturated liquidus relations of simpler systems such as H2O–NaCl or H2O–NaCl–CaCl2. Here, we review and reassess compositional information obtainable from microthermometric measurements in multicomponent chloride-dominated aqueous systems. To do so, we investigate the systematics of vapor-saturated liquidus phase equilibria in complex multicomponent electrolyte solutions through thermodynamic modeling based on Pitzer's equations. We focus on low- to intermediate-salinity chloride-dominated inclusions, in which ice is the liquidus phase, and on the temperature range from subsolidus conditions to

Full article

The quarternary system H2O-NaCl-KCl-FeCl2. Projection from ice through the vapor-saturated eutectic and cotectic relations, projected onto the plane of three salts. See text for additional details.

Publication Listing

Earth Science Reviews, 2016, 159, 14-35. DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2016.04.011