My lab has investigated the timing and impacts of watershed erosion resulting from deforestation around the margins of Lake Tanganyika. Much of our work has focused on the conservation biology of modern littoral ecosystems impacted by increased sediment loading (Cohen et al., 1993; Kaufman and Cohen, 1993;Cohen, 1994; Cohen et al., 1996; Alin et al., 1999; Cohen, 2000; McIntyre et al., 2005) Our work has shown that the complex history of forest cover and its effects on littoral ecosystems can be understood in the context of 18th-20th Century human demography in the region (Alin et al., 2002; Cohen et al., 2005a; Cohen et al., 2005b; McKee et al., 2005; Palacios-Fest et al., 2005a; Palacios-Fest et al., 2005b; O’Reilly et al., 2005; Dettman et al., 2005; Conaway et al., 2012).
We have also examined how 20th Century climate warming may be affecting lacustrine ecosystems and productivity in Lake Tanganyika, through enhanced lake stratification and weaker mixing of nutrients through the water column (O'Reilly et al., 2003; and O'Reilly et al., 2004; Tierney et al., 2010). This research in continuing through investigation of paleorecords to document how recent lake warming in Lake Tanganyika has impacted higher trophic levels.
Tierney, J.E., Mayes, M.M., Meyer, N., Johnson, C., Swarzenski, P., Cohen, A.S., and Russell, J.M. 2010, The Unprecedented Warming of Lake Tanganyika. Nature Geoscience 16 May 2010 DOI: 10.1038/NGEO865
Conaway, C.H. Swarzenski, P.W. and Cohen, A.S. 2012, Recent paleo-records document rising mercury contamination in Lake Tanganyika. Applied Geochemistry 27:352-359. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.11.005
A. Collecting multicores during the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity
Project investigation of watershed deforestation.
B. The boundary between the forested watersheds of Gombe National Park,
along the shore of Lake Tanganyika and the deforested region immediately
north of the part. These areas formed part of our study of paleorecords
of deforestation history.