University of Arizona SEM's

Martin and Drew, 1969
Martin and Drew, 1970
Solomon, King, Martin and Thomas, 1973

Owen Davis

ACANTHACEAE

  • Anisicanthus thurberi Acanthaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 57
  • Beloperone californica Acanthaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 66
  • Carlowrightiia arizonica Acanthaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 67

    ACERACEAE

  • Acer grandidentatum Aceraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 43

    AIZOACEAE

  • Sesuvium verrucosum Aizoaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 29

    AMARANTHACEAE

  • Gomphrena sonorae Amaranthaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 14
  • Tidestromia lanuginosa Amaranthaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 13

    AGAVACEAE

  • Agave americana Agavaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 20
  • Agave schottii Agavaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 14
  • Dasylirion wheeleri Agavaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 18
  • Nolina bigelovii Agavaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 13
  • Yucca brevifolia Agavaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 12

    ANACARDIACEAE

  • Rhus trilobata Anacardiaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 41

    ARAUCARIACEAE

  • Araucaria excelsia Araucariaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 3

    BERBERIDACEAE

  • Berberis haematocarpa Berberidaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 13

    BETULACEAE

  • Alnus tenuifolia Betulaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 9

    BIGNONIACEAE

  • Chilopsis linearis Bignoniaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 68
  • Tecoma stans Bignoniaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 55

    BOMBACACEAE

  • Ceiba aesculifolia Bombacaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 41

    BORAGINACEAE

  • Amsinckia intermidia Boraginaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 64
  • Cordia parviloia Boraginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 59
  • Cryptantha holptera Boraginaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 50
  • Heliotropium curassavicum Boraginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 60
  • Lappula redowskii Boraginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 62
  • Plagiobothrys jonesii Boraginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 61

    BURSERACEAE

  • Bursera penicllata Burseraceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 45

    BUXACEAE

  • Simmondsia chinensis Buxaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 50

    CACTACEAE

  • Cereus gigantea Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 51
  • Cereus fossil Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 86
  • Cereus fossil Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 87
  • Cereus thurberi Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 52
  • Cereus schottii Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 42
  • Echinocereus fendleri Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 53
  • Ferocactus wislizeni Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 54
  • Opuntia versicolor Cactaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 50

    CAMPANULACEAE

  • Lobelia cardinalis Campanulaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 62

    CHENOPODIACEAE

  • Allenrolfea occidentalsi Chenopodiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 24
  • Atriplex canescens Chenopodiaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 11
  • Salicornia utahensis Chenopodiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 23
  • Salsola kali Chenopodiaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 12
  • Suadea torreyana Chenopodiaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 23

    CLEOMACEAE

  • Cleome serrulata Capparicaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 32

    COMPOSITAE

  • Ambrosia sp. Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 69
  • Ambrosia fossil Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 84
  • Ambrosia ambrosioides Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 71
  • Ambrosia confertifolia Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 70
  • Aplopappus tenuisectus Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 63
  • Artemisia tilessii Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 75
  • Baccharis sarthroides Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 64
  • Baileya multiradiata Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 68
  • Bebbia juncea Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 74
  • Calycoseris wrightii Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 72
  • Centaurea melitensis Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 78
  • Chaenactis stevioides Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 78
  • Chrysothamnus nauseosus Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 71
  • Cirsium neomexicanum Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 77
  • Eriophyllum lanosum Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 69
  • Gaillardia pinnatifida Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 77
  • Gnaphalium bicolor Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 65
  • Helianthus annuus Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 66
  • Iva axillaris Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 72
  • Layia glandulosa Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 75
  • Malocothrix glabrata Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 79
  • Perezia wrightii Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 79
  • Perityle emoryi Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 76
  • Porophyllum gracile Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 70
  • Psilostrophe cooperi Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 67
  • Rafinesquia neomexicana Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 80
  • Senecio neomexicanus Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 76
  • Stephanomeria pauciflora Compositae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 71
  • Trixus californica Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 78
  • Verbesina encelioides Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 73
  • Xanthium strumarium Compositae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 73
  • Zinnia pumila Compositae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 72

    CONVOLVULACEAE

  • Cuscuta indecora Convolvulaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 58
  • Evolvulus alsinoides Convolvulaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 45

    CROSSOSOMATACEAE

  • Crossosoma bigelovii Crossosomataceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 35

    CRUCIFERAE

  • Brassica nigra Cruciferae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 22
  • Lesquerella gordoni Cruciferae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 28
  • Lepidium lasiocarpum typicum Cruciferae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 21
  • Stanleya elata Cruciferae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 20
  • Streptanthus arizonicus Cruciferae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 27
  • Thysanocarpus amplectens Cruciferae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 19

    CUCURBITACEAE

  • Cucurbita digitata Cucurbitaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 58
  • Cucurbita foetidissima Cucurbitaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 59
  • Curcurbita maxima Cucurbitaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 60
  • Curcurbita palmata Cucurbitaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 61
  • Maximowiczia lindheimeri Cucurbitaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 70

    CUPRESSACEAE

  • Juniperus deppeana Cupressaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 7

    CYPERACEAE

  • Carex aquatilis Cyperaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 10
  • Carex platyphylla Cyperaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 16
  • Cyperus esculentus Cyperaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 4
  • Scirpus olneya Cyperaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 15

    EPHEDRACEAE

  • Ephedra nevadensis Ephedraceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig.4
  • Ephedra trifurca Ephedraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 8

    EQUISETACEAE

  • Equisetum hymenale Equisetaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 1

    ERICACEAE

  • Arctostaphylos pungens Ericaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 58

    EUPHORBIACEAE

  • Cnidooscolus angustidens Euphorbiaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 36
  • Croton californicus Euphorbiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 46
  • Euphorbia capitellata Euphorbiaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 40
  • Jatropha cinera Euphorbiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 47
  • Sapium biloculare Euphorbiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 49
  • Stillingia linearifolia Euphorbiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 48

    FAGACEAE

  • Lithocarpus densiflora Fagaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 17
  • Nothofagus Dombeyi -type Fagaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 21
  • Quercus chrysolepis Fagaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 22
  • Quercus emoryi Fagaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 19
  • Quercus gambelii Fagaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 20
  • Quercus turbinella Fagaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 21
  • Quercus fossil Fagaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 83

    FOUQUIERIACEAE

  • Fouquieria splendens Fouquieriaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 59

    FRANKENIACEAE

  • Frankenia grandifolia Frankeniaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 40

    GERANIACEAE

  • Erodium cicutarium Geraniaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 38
  • Geranium caespitosum Geraniaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 39

    GRAMINEAE

  • Agropyron trachycaulum Gramineae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 14
  • Aristida parishii Gramineae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 3
  • Distichilis spicata Gramineae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 13
  • Schismus arabicus Gramineae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 2

    HYDROCHARITACEAE

  • Elodea canadensis Hydrocharitaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 12

    HYDROPHYLLACEAE

  • Eucrypta micrantha Hydrophyllaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 62
  • Phacelia distans Hydrophyllaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 63

    IRIDACEAE

  • Sisyrinchium demissum Iridaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 6

    JUGLANDACEAE

  • Juglans major Juglandaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 16

    JUNCAGINACEAE

  • Triglochin concinnea Juncaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 10
  • Triglochin maritima Juncaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 11

    KRAMERIACEAE

  • Krameria grayi Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 35

    KOEBERLINACEAE

  • Koberlinia spinosa Koeberlinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 47

    LABIATAE

  • Hyptis emoryi Labiatae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 53
  • Stachys coccinea Labiatae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 52

    LEGUMINOSAE

  • Acacia angustissima Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 31
  • Acacia californica Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 33
  • Acacia constricta Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 32
  • Calliandra eriophylla Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 34
  • Cercidium floridum Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 30
  • Cercidium microphyllum Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 29
  • Coursetia glandulosa Leguminosae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 38
  • Dalea fremontii Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 30
  • Dalea parryi Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 31
  • Lupinus sparsifolorus Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 37
  • Olneya tesota Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 32
  • Parkinsonia aculeata Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 29
  • Pithecolobium dulce Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 35
  • Prosopis velutina Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 28
  • Sophora arizonica Leguminosae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 36

    LILIACEAE

  • Allium acuminatum Liliaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 19
  • Calochortus kennedyi Liliaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 17
  • Dicelostemma pulchellum Liliaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 11
  • Milla biflora Liliaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 5

    LINACEAE

  • Linum lewisii Linaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 40

    LOASACEAE

  • Mentzelia affinis Loasaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 48
  • Mentzelia albicaulis Loasaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 53

    MALVACEAE

  • Abutilon palmeri Malvaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 39
  • Gossypium thurberi Malvaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 37
  • Hibiscus coulteri Malvaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 46
  • Horsfordia alata Malvaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 52
  • Sidalcea neomexicana Malvaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 38
  • Sphaeralcea sp. Malvaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 44
  • Sphaeralcea sp. Malvaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 45

    MARTYNACEAE

  • Proboscidea arenaria Myrtnaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 56

    NYCTAGINACEAE

  • Abronia fragrans Nyctaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 26
  • Abronia villosa Nyctaginaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 15
  • Boerhaavia coccinea Nyctaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 27
  • Commicarpus scandens Nyctaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 28
  • Mirabilis longiflora Nyctaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 25

    OLEACEAE

  • Forestiera pubescens Oleaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 57
  • Fraxinus pennsylvanica Oleaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 44
  • Menodora scabra Oleaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 43

    ONAGRACEAE

  • Epilobium angustifolium Onagraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 55
  • Gaura parvifolia Onagraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 57
  • Oenothera decoritcans Onagraceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 54
  • Oenothera rosea Onagraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 56

    ORCHIDACEAE

  • Spiranthes graminea Orchidaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 15

    PAPAVERACEAE

  • Argemone sp. Papaveraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 25
  • Dendromecon rigida Papaveraceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 18
  • Eschscholtzia mexicana Papaveraceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 26

    PINACEAE

  • Abies concolor Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 6
  • Picea engelmannii Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 5
  • Picea fossil Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 85
  • Pinus cembroides Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 1
  • Pinus edulis Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 2
  • Pinus murrayana Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 4
  • Pinus ponderosa Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 3
  • Pinus fossil Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 83
  • Pinus fossil Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 84
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii Pinaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 1

    PLANTAGINACEAE

  • Plantago major Plantaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 68

    PLUMBAGINACEAE

  • Limonium californicum Plumbaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 56
  • Limonium californicum Plumbaginaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 80

    POLEMONIACEAE

  • Eriastrum diffusum Polemoniaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 48
  • Gilia sinnuata Polemoniaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 49
  • Leptodactylon californicum Polemoniaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 57

    POLYGONACEAE

  • Polygonum coccineum Polygonaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 10
  • Rumex humenosepalus Polygonaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 18

    PORTULACEAE

  • Montia perfoliata Portulacaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 30

    POTAMOGETONACEAE

  • Potamogeton pectinatus Potamogetonaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 8

    RANUNCULACEAE

  • Anemone tuberosa Ranunculaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 17
  • Aquilegia chrysantha Ranunculaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 16
  • Ranunculus macranthus Ranunculaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 24

    RESEDACEAE

  • Oligomeris linifolia Residaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 33

    RHAMNACEAE

  • Rhamnus crocea Rhamnaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 46

    ROSACEAE

  • Cercocarpus montanus Rosaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 36
  • Coleogyne ramisissima Rosaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 27
  • Cowania mexicana Rosaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 37
  • Fallugia paradoxa Rosaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 26
  • Holodiscus dumosus Rosaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 25
  • Vauguelinia californica Rosaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 24

    RUBIACEAE

  • Houstonia wrightii Rubiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 69

    RUTACEAE

  • Choisya arizonica Rutaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 42
  • Thamnosma montana Rutaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 43

    SALICACEAE

  • Populus fremontii Salicaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 8
  • Salix laseolepis Salicaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 7

    SAPINDACEAE

  • Dodonea viscosa Sapindaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 51

    SAXIFRAGACEAE

  • Fendlera rupicola Saxifragaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig.23
  • Ribes aureum Saxifragaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 34

    SCROPHULARIACEAE

  • Mimulus gutatus Scrophulariaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 65
  • Orthocarpus purpurescens Scrophulariaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 66
  • Penstemon parryi Scrophulariaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 67

    SIMAROUBACEAE

  • Holocantha emoryi Simaroubaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 44

    SOLANACEAE

  • Datura metaloides Solanaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 65
  • Lycium exsertum Solanaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 61
  • Physalis crassifolia Solanaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 54

    TAMARICACEAE

  • Tamarix pentandra Tamaricaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 41

    TAXODIACEAE

  • Taxodium mucronatum Taxodiaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 2

    TYPHACEAE

  • Typha angustifolia Typhaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 7
  • Typha domingensis Typhaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 6
  • Typha latifolia Typhaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 5
  • Typha latifolia Typhaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 9

    ULMACEAE

  • Celtis pallida Ulmaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 22

    UMBELLIFERAE

  • Bowlesia incana Umbelliferae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 49
  • Daucus pusillus Umbelliferae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 55

    VERBENACEAE

  • Avicennia germinans Verbenaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 64
  • Bouchea prismatica Verbenaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 51
  • Lantana achyranthifolia Verbenaceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 63
  • Verbena cliata Verbenaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 60

    VITACEAE

  • Vitis arizonica Vitaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 42

    ZOSTERACEAE

  • Ruppia maritima Zosteraceae Solomon King Martin Thomas 1973 Fig. 9

    ZYGOPHYLLACEAE

  • Kallstroemia grandiflora Zygophyllaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 35
  • Larrea tridentata Zygophyllaceae Martin & Drew 1969 Fig. 39
  • Tribulus terrestris Zygophyllaceae Martin & Drew 1970 Fig. 34

  • Origin and Usage: These images are used with the permission of author Paul S. Martin and Don Pinkeva, Editor of the Journal of the Arizona - Nevada Academy of Science. Cite these original publications if you wish to link to these images, and contact Owen Davis. Larger images of individual grains can be made availabe.
  • Martin, Paul S., and Drew, Charles M. 1969.
    Scanning electron photomicrographs of southwestern pollen grains. Journal Arizona Academy of Sciences 5 (3): 147 - 176.
  • Martin, Paul S., and Drew, Charles M. 1970.
    Additional scanning electron micrographs of southwestern pollen grains. Journal Arizona Academy of Sciences 6 (2): 140 - 161.
  • Solomon, A.M., King, J.E., Martin, P.S. and Thomas, J. 1973.
    Further scanning electron photomicrographs of southwestern pollen grains. Journal Arizona Academy of Sciences 8 (3): 135 - 157.