Pollen and Spore Identification Literature

  • Acanthaceae. Sharma B.D. Vishnu-Mittre 1963 Contribution to the pollen morphology of the gener Eranthemum Linn and Pseuderanthemum Radlkof. Proc National Inst Sci India 29: 520-526.
  • Acanthaceae. Raj, B. 1961 Pollen morphological studies in Acanthaceae. Grana Palynologica 3: 3-108.
  • Acanthaceae. Scotland, R.W. 1992 Pollen morphology of Andrographidae (Acanthaceae). Rev Palaeobotany Palynology 72: 229-243
  • Acanthaceae. Huard, D. 1962 Orgie de quelques anomalies observees chez des pol Pollen et Spores 7:19-26
  • Aceraceae. Biesboer, D.D. 1975 Pollen morpholgy of the Aceraceae. Grana Palynologica 15: 19-27
  • Achatocarpaceae. Skvarla, J.J. Nowicke, J.W. 1982 Pollen fine structure and relationships of Achatocarpus Triana and Phaulothamnus A. Gray. Taxon 31: 244-249.
  • Achatocarpaceae. Bertenschlager, S Auinger, A. Simonsberger, P. 1972 Pollen morphology of the Achatocarpaceae. Ber. Nat-med. Ver. Innsbruck. 59: 7-14
  • Adiantaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. 1965 Sur les spores d'Adianthaceae, Aspleniaceae, Thelypteridaceae et Athyriaceae de Madascar. Pollen et Spores 7: 319-338
  • Amaranthaceae. Livingston, D.A., Tomlinson, M Friedman, G Broome, 1973 Stellate pore ornamentation in pollen grains of Amaranthaceae. Pollen et Spores 15: 345-352.
  • Amaranthaceae. Riollet, G., Bonnefille, R. 1976 Pollens des Amaranthacees du bassin du Lac Rodolph Pollen et Spores 18: 67-92.
  • Amaranthaceae. Zandonella, P. 1977 Morphologie pollinique et mode des pollinisation. Pollen et Spores 19: 119-142.
  • Amaranthaceae. Nowicke, J.W. 1975 Pollen morphology in the order Centrospermae. Grana Palynologica 15: 51-77.
  • Annonaceae. Walker, J.E. 1971 Elucidation of exine structure and sculpturing in the Annonaceae through combined use of light and scanning electon microscope. Pollen et Spores 8: 187-198.
  • Annonaceae. Walker, J.W. 1971 Contributions to the pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Annonaceae. I. Grana Palynologica 11: 45-54.
  • Annonaceae. Walker, J.W. 1972 Contributions to the pollen morphology and phylogeny of Annonaceae II. Botanical Journal Linnean Society 65: 173-178.
  • Annonaceae. Walker, J.W. 1976 Pollen morphology phytogeography and phylogeny of the Annonaceae. Contributions Gray Herbarium 22 131 p.
  • Annonaceae. Canright, J.E. 1963 Contributions of pollen phylogeny of some Ranalean families. Grana Palynologica 4: 64-72
  • Apocynaceae. Schill, R. Leuenberger, B. 1972 Pollenmorpholigie und cytotasonimie der Gattung Pachypodium Lindl Bot Jahrb Syst 92: 169-177.
  • Apocynaceae. Van Campo, M. Nilsson, S. Leeuwenberg, AJM 1979 Palynotaxonomic studies in Tabernae montana L. sensu lato (Apocynaceae). Grana Palynologica 18: 5-14.
  • Araliaceae. Bui, N. 1970 Contribution palynologique a le'tude du genre Panax L. (Araliaceae). Pollen et Spores 12: 5-20
  • Araliaceae. Tseng, C.C. 1972 Systematic palynology of Tupidanthus and Pierandra (Araliaceae) Grana Palynologica 13: 51-56.
  • Araucariaceae. Ueno, J. 1959 Some palynological observations of Taxaceae, Cupressaceae, and Araucariaceae. Journal Institute Polytechnics 10: 75-87
  • Aspidiaceae. Nayar, B.K. Devi, S. 1964 Spore morphology if Indian ferns. I. Aspidiaceae. Grana Palynologica 5: 80-120
  • Aspidiaceae. Nayar, B.K. Perei, S. 1961 Spore morphology of some Japanese Aspidiaceae Pollen et Spores 2: 355-372
  • Aspleniaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. 1965 Sur les spores d'Adianthaceae, Aspleniaceae, Thelypteridaceae et Athyriaceae de Madascar. Pollen et Spores 7: 319-338
  • Athyriaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. 1965 Sur les spores d'Adianthaceae, Aspleniaceae, Thelypteridaceae et Athyriaceae de Madascar. Pollen et Spores 7: 319-338
  • Balsaminaceae. Huynh, K.-L. 1966 Cinq especes d' Impatiens an pollen insolite. Pollen et Spores 8: 455-450.
  • Balsaminaceae. Braga, R. 1961 Flora apicola de Curitiba I (Parana Brazil). Botanica 2:
  • Berberidacea. Nowicke, J.W. and Skvarla, J.J. 1981 Pollen morphology and phylogenetic relationships of the Berberidaceae Smithsonian Contributions Botany 50
  • Berberidaceae. Nowicke, J.W. and Skvarla, J.J. 1982 Pollen morphology and the relationships of Circaeaster of Kingdonia and of Sargentodoxa to the Ranunculales. American Journal Botany 69: 990-998.
  • Betulaceae. Takeoka, M. 1963 On the fine structure of the pollen walls in some Scandinavian Betulaceae Grana Palynologica 4: 161-188
  • Betulaceae. Birks, H.J.B. 1968 The identification of Betula nana pollen New Phytol. 67: 309-314
  • Betulaceae. Ives, J.W. 1977 Pollen separation of three North America birches. Arctic Alpine Res. 9: 73-80
  • Betulaceae. Leopold, E.B. 1956 Pollen size-frequency in New England species of the Genus Betula Grana Palynologica 1: 140-147.
  • Betulaceae. Nair, P.K.K. 1961 Pollen grains of Indian Plants 1. Bull National Botanic Gardens (India) 53.
  • Bombacaceae. Nilsson, S Robyns, A. 1986 Bombacaceae Kunth World Pollen and Spore Flora 14. Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm.
  • Bombacaceae. Tsukada, M. 1965 Pollen morphology and identificationIII. Modern and fossil tropical pollen with emphasis on Bombacaceae Pollen et Spores 6: 393-462.
  • Bombacaceae. Robyns, A. 1975 Bombacaceae neo tropicae novae VI: a new species of Quararibea from Panama. Bull Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 45: 323-325.
  • Bombacaceae. Nari, P.K.K. 1962 Pollen grains of Indian Plants - III. Natioinal Botanic Gardens, Lucknow, India.
  • Boraginaceae. Nowicke, J.W. and Ridgway, J.E. 1973 Pollen studies in the genus Cordia (Boraginaceae). American Journal Botany 60: 584-591.
  • Boraginaceae. Huynh, K.-L. 1971 Le pollen du genre Arnebia Forssk., et du genre Macrotomia DC. (Boraninaceae) et la position taxonomique particulare du Miechioides Candollea 26: 165-171
  • Bromeliaceae. Ehler, N and Schill, R. 1973 Die pollenmoprhologie der Bromeliaceae. Pollen et Spores 15: 13 - 45.
  • Bromeliaceae. Habritter H. 1992 Morphologie und systematische des pollens der Bromeliaceae Grana 31: 197-212.
  • Burmanniaceae. Chacrapani, P. 1971 Pollen morphological studies in the Burmanniaceae Grana Palynologica 11: 164-179
  • Cactaceae. Klaus, W. 1970 Blutenstauleformen der Kakteeen Kakteen und andere Sukkelnten 94-95
  • Cactaceae. Nowicke, J.W. 1975 Pollen morphology in the order Centrospermae. Grana Palynologica 15: 51-77.
  • Cannaceae. Braga, R. 1961 Flora apicola de Curitiba I (Parana Brazil). Botanica 2:
  • Caprifoliaceae. Bassett, I.J. Crompton, C.W. 1970 Pollen morphology of the family Caprifoliaceae Pollen et Spores 12: 365-380.
  • Caryophyllaceae. Chand, S. 1962 On the pollen morphology of some Scandinavian Caryophyllaceae. Grana Palynologica 3: 67-89.
  • Caryophyllaceae. Cranwell, L.M. 1962 Subantarctic pollen and spores. I. Lyallia of Kerguelen Pollen et Spores 3: 11-20.
  • Caryophyllaceae. Nowicke, J.W. 1975 Pollen morphology in the order Centrospermae. Grana Palynologica 15: 51-77.
  • Casurinaceae. Kershaw, A.P. 1970 Pollen morphological variation within the Casurinaceae. Pollen et Spores 12: 145-162
  • Casurinaceae. Barth, O.M. Macieira, E.G. Corte-Real, S. 1975 Morfologia do polen anamofilo e alergistante no Brasil Casurinaceae Salicaceae Moraceae Ulmaceae e Urticaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 141-150.
  • Centrolepidaceae. Chandra, S. 1966 On the pollen morphology of the Centrolepidaceae, Resoniaceae, and Flagellariaceae, with special reference to taxonomy Grana Palynologica 6: 355-415.
  • Centrolepidaceae. Chandra, S. 1966 On the pollen morphology of the Centrolepidaceae, Restionaceae and Flagellariaceae, with special reference to taxonomy Grana Palynologica 6: 355-415.
  • Centrospermae. Nowicke, J.W. 1975 Pollen morphology in the order Centrospermae Grana Palynologica 15: 51-77
  • Cercidiphylaceae. Praglowski, J 1975 The pollen morphology of the Trochopendraceae Tetracentraceae Cercidiphylaceae Eupteleaceae with reference to taxonomy Pollen et Spores 16: 449-467.
  • Chenopodiaceae. Nowicke, J.W. 1975 Pollen morphology in the order Centrospermae. Grana Palynologica 15: 51-77.
  • Chloanthaceae. Raj, B. Grafstrom E. 1984 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Chloanthaceae. Grana Palynologica 23: 139-156.
  • Chloanthaceae. Raj, B. and Grafstrom E. 1984 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Chloanthaceae Grana Palynologica 23: 139-156.
  • Chloranthaceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1975 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arboreas do Brasil meridional XX Chloranthaceae e Piperaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 101-108.
  • Circaeasteraceae. Nowicke, J.W. and Skvarla, J.J. 1982 Pollen morphology and the relationships of Circaeaster of Kingdonia and of Sargentodoxa to the Ranunculales. American Journal Botany 69: 990-998.
  • Cistaceae. Haydacker, F. 1963 Les types polliniques dan la famille des Cistaceae Pollen et Spores 5: 41-50.
  • Cneoraceae. Lobreau-Callen, D. 1978 Les Cneoraceae (Rutales): etude taxonomique, palynologique et systematique. Grana Palynologica 17: 125-139.
  • Cochlospermaceae. Nair, P.K.K. 1962 Pollen Grains of Indian Plants - II Cochlospermaceae. National Botanical Gardens of India.
  • Commelinaceae. Rowley, J.R. 1959 The fine structure of the pollen wall in the Commelinaceae Grana Palynologica 2: 3-30.
  • Compositae. Braga, R. 1961 Flora apicola de Curitiba I (Parana Brazil). Botanica 2:
  • Compositae. Crispi, J.V. 1974 Compositae Jour. Arnold Arbor. 55:
  • Compositae. Lack, H.W. Lenenberger, B. 1979 Pollen and taxonomy of Urospermum (Asteraceae). Pollen et Spores 21: 415-426.
  • Compositae. Stix, E. 1960 Pollen morphogische unterscuchungen an Compositen Grana Palynologica 2: 41-104.
  • Compositae. Payne, W.W. and Skarla, J.J. 1970 Electron microscope study of Ambrosia pollen. Grana Palynologica 10: 89-100.
  • Compositae. Robbins, R.R. Dickinson, D.B. Rhodes, A.M. 1979 Morphometirc analysis of pollen from four species of Ambrosia (Compositae). American Jour Botany 66: 538-545.
  • Compositae. Praglowski, J. 1971 The pollen morphology of the Scandinavian specoes of Artemisia. Pollen et Spores 13: 381-404
  • Compositae. Rowley, J.R. Dahl, A.O. Rowley, J.S. 1981 Substructure in exines of Artemisia vulgaris (Asteraceae). Rev Palaeobotany Palynology 35: 1-38.
  • Compositae. Von Werner, L 1950 Beitrag zur kenntris den Salix und Artemisia polle Bericht uver das Geobotanische 101-109
  • Compositae. Sullivan, V.I. 1975 Pollen and pollination in the genus Eupatoria (Compositae). Canadian Jour. Botany 53: 582-587
  • Compositae. Tomb, A.S. 1975 Pollen morphology in the tribe Lactuceae. (Compositae). Grana Palynologica 15: 79-89.
  • Compositae. Saad, S.I. 1962 Pollen mrophology in the genus Sonchus Pollen et Spores 3: 247-260.
  • Compositae. Braga, R. Lopes Borio,E.B. Guimaraes, O. 1962 Notas palinologicas IV Botanica 6:
  • Convolvulaceae. Austin, D.F. 1973 The American Erycibae (Convolvulaceae), Maripa, Dicranostyles, and Lyiostyles II Palynology. Pollen et Spores 15: 203-226
  • Cornaceae. Ferguson, J.K. 1977 Cornaceae Dum. World Pollen and Spore Flora 6. Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Co Stockholm
  • Cornaceae. Straka, H. 1975 Pollen de Cornus sueica, indicateur de la toundra- pace du Tardiglacial d'Europe centrale. Societe Botanique de France 247-250
  • Crassulaceae. Sorsa, P. 1968 Pollen morphology of four Sedum telephium L subspecies studied by means of Normarski's interference-contrast equipment Annales Botanici Fennici 5: 98-101.
  • Cruciferae. Rollins, R.C. 1979 Trichome patterns in physaria The Bussy Institute Harvard University 65-78
  • Cruciferae. Rollins, R.C. Banerjee, U.C. 1979 Pollens of the Cruciferae The Bussy Institute Harvard University 33-64
  • Cruciferae. Rollins, R.C. 1979 Dithyrea and a related genus (Cruciferae) The Bussy Institute Harvard University 3-32
  • Cruciferae. Erdtman, G. 1958 Uber die pollenmorphologie von Rorippa sisvestris Veb Gustav Fischer Verlag Jena 408-411
  • Cucurbitaceae. Marticerena, C. 1963 Material para una monografia de la morfologie del polen de Cucurbitaceae Grana Palynologica 4: 78-91.
  • Cupressaceae. Ueno, J. 1959 Some palynological observations of Taxaceae, Cupressaceae, and Araucariaceae. Journal Institute Polytechnics 10: 75-87
  • Cyclocheilaceae. Raj, B. 1985 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Nesogenaceae and Cyclocheilaceae. Pollen et Spores 27: 295-306.
  • Davalliaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L 1965 Sur les spores de Davalliaceae et Vittariaceae malagaches. Pollen et Spores 6: 537-549
  • Davalliaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L 1965 Sur les spores de Davalliaceae et Vittariaceae malagaches. Pollen et Spores 6: 537-549
  • Dennstaeditiaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. 1963 Sur les spores de Lindsheaceae et de Dennstaeditiaceae de Madagascar et des Mascareignes etude. Pollen et Spores 5: 69--86
  • Dipsacaceae. Van der Spoel - Walvius, M.R. de Vries, R.J. 1969 Description of Dipsacus fullonium L pollen Acta botanica Nerlandica 13: 422-431
  • Droseraceae. Chandra, S. 1965 The pollen morphology of Droseraceae with special reference to taxonomy. Pollen et Spores 7: 509-528
  • Droseraceae. Kuprianova, L.A. 1973 Pollen morphology within the genus Drosera. Grana Palynologica 13: 103-107
  • Elaeagnaceae. Leins, P. 1967 Morphologische untersuchunger an Elaeagnaceen - pollen kornern Grana Palynologica 7: 390 - 399.
  • Elaeagnaceae. Sorsa, P. 1971 Pollen morphological study of the genus Hippophae L. including the new taxa recognized by A. Rous. Annales Botanici Fennici 8: 228-236.
  • Entolomataceae. Pegler, D.N. 1978 Entolomataceae Kotl & Pouz World pollen and spore flora 7: 1-24
  • Entolomataceae. Pegler, D.N. and Young, T.W.K. 1978 Entolomataceae Kotl & Pouz. S Nilsson World Pollen and Spore Flora 7 Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm
  • Ephedraceae. Bharadwaj, D.C. 1963 Pollen grains of Ephedra and Welwitschia and their probable fossil relatives. Memoirs Indian Botanical Society 4: 125-135.
  • Ephedraceae. Steeves, M.W. Barghoorn, E.S. 1959 The pollen of Ephedra. Journal Arnold Arboretum 40: 221-255.
  • Ericaceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1972 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arbore as do Brasil meridional XVI Ericaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 70: 555-569.
  • Ericaceae. Oldfield, F. 1959 The pollen of some of the West European Ericales. Pollen et Spores 1: 19-48
  • Eriocaulaceae. Thanikaimoni, G. 1965 Contributions to the pollen morphology of Eriocaulaceae Pollen et Spores 7: 181-192
  • Euphorbaiceae. Lobreau-Callen, D Suarez-Cervera, M. 1993 Morphologie et ultrastructure du pollen de Bischofia et autres phyllanthoidea (Euphorbiaceae) Palynosciences 2: 223-237.
  • Euphorbaiceae. Schill, R. 1973 Palynologische (lichtmikroskopische) Untersuchungen an sukkultenten Vertretern der Gattung Euphorbia L aus Madagaskar. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 2:151-165.
  • Euphorbiaceae. Kohler, E. 1965 Die pollenmorphologie der biovulaten Euphorbiaceae und ihre bedeutung fur die taxonomie Grana Palynologica 6: 26-120
  • Euphorbiaceae. Leboreau-Callen, D. Cervera, M.S. 1993 Pollen ultrastructure of Hymenocardia Wallich ex Lindley and comparison with other Euphorbiaceae. Rev Palaeobotany Palynology 81: 257-278.
  • Euphorbiaceae. Lobreau-Callen, D Suarez-Cervera, M. 1989 Le pollen de Marteria Beille (Euphorbiaceae africaine). Bull Jard Bot Nat Belgium Bull Nat Plantuin Belg. 59: 333-349.
  • Euphorbiaceae. Miller, K.I. Webster, G.L. 1962 A preliminary revision of Trogia (Euphorbiaceae) in the United States Rhodora Jour. New Engl. Bot. Club 69: 241-250.
  • Euphorbiaceae. Punt, W. 1961 Pollen morphology of the Euphorbiaceae with special reference to taxonomy Acta Botanica Neerlandica 10: 1-115
  • Euphorbiaceae. Ybert, J.-P 9175 Observations du pollen de Manihot sp. (Euphorbiaceae) an microscope electronique bolyage Societe Botanique de France 122: 131-133
  • Eupomatiaceae. Canright, J.E. 1963 Contributions of pollen phylogeny of some Ranalean families. Grana Palynologica 4: 64-72
  • Fabaceae. Srivastava, S.K. 1957 Studies on pollen grains of Cassia spp. Botanical Soc Bengal 11: 96-103.
  • Fabaceae. Larsen, S.S. 1975 Pollen morphology of the species of Bauhinia (Caesalpiniae Grana Palynologica 14: 114-131.
  • Fabaceae. Planchais, N. 1964 Le pollen de quelques Papilionacees Mediterraneennes et submediterraneennes Pollen et Spores 6: 515-526.
  • Fabaceae. Praglowski, J. 1980 The pollen morphology of the tribe Calendulea with reference to taxonomy Bot. Notiser 177-188
  • Fabaceae. Smith, F.G. 1965 Some pollen grains in the Caesalpinieae of East Africa. Pollen et Spores 6: 85-98.
  • Fabaceae. Thuan, N.V. 1973 Contribution a l'e'tude pollinique du genre Dunbaria (Papilionaceae) Pollen et Spores 15: 363-384
  • Fabaceae. Tsukada, M. 1964 Pollen morphology and identification I Eucaesalpie Pollen et Spores 5: 239-284.
  • Fabaceae. Coetzee J.A. 1955 The morphology of Acacia pollen. Suid Afrikaanse Joernaal vir Wetenskap Aug. 23-27
  • Fabaceae. Bronckers, F, de Keyser, B. 1966 Contribution a l'e'tude palynologique des Papilionaceae - Phaseoleae - Phaseolinae I. Obversationes sur quatre especees de Doliches L. Bulletin van de Rijksplantentuin Brussel 36: 57-63
  • Fabaceae. Stainier, F. 1976 Note sur le pollen de quelques especes Sud-Americanes du complex Phaseolus - Vigna Pollen et Spores 18: 523-532
  • Fagaceae. Erdtman, G. 1967 On the pollen morphology of Trigonobalanus (Fagaceae). Botaniska Neitiser 120: 324-333.
  • Fagaceae. Cookson, E.C. 1947 Note on the pollen of Nothofagus gunnii (Hook.) Oerst Royal Society of Victoria 58: 1-2
  • Fagaceae. Walker, D. 1965 Notes on the pollen morphology of Nothofagus bl. subsection Bipartitae steen. Pollen et Spores 7: 457-464.
  • Fagaceae. Planchais, N. 1963 Le pollen de quelques chenes du donnine Medeterraneen occidental . Pollen et Spores 4: 87-93
  • Fagaceae. Solomon, A.M. 1983 Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy of white oaks in Eastern North America. American Journal Botany 70: 481-494.
  • Fagaceae. Solomon, A.M. 1983 Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy of red oaks in Eastern North America. American Jour Botany 70: 495-507.
  • Filicaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L 1966 Sur les spores de fougeres malgaches: Filices Marattiales Ophioglossales Pollen et Spores 8: 75-122
  • Filicales. Lugardon, B. 1974 La structure fine de l'exospore et de la perispore des Filicinees isosporees Pollen et Spores 16: 161-226
  • Flagellariaceae. Chandra, S. 1966 On the pollen morphology of the Centrolepidaceae, Restionaceae and Flagellariaceae, with special reference to taxonomy Grana Palynologica 6: 355-415.
  • Gentianaceae. Jonsson, L. 1973 Pollen morphology in African species of Swertia L. (Gentianaceae). Grana Palynologica 13: 119-128
  • Gentianaceae. Nilsson, S. 1964 On the pollen morphology of Lomatogonium A. Br. Grana Palynologica 5: 298-329.
  • Gentianaceae. Nilsson, S. 1967 Notes on pollen morphological variation in Gentianaceae Gentianinae. Pollen et Spores 9: 49-58.
  • Gentianaceae. Nilsson, S. 1967 Pollen morpholocial studies in the Gentianaceae - Gentianinae Grana Palynologica 7: 46 - 145
  • Geraniaceae. Bortenschlager, S 1967 Vorlaufige mittelungen zur pollenmorphologie in der familie der Geraniaceen und ihre systematische bedeutung. Grana palynologica 7: 400 - 468.
  • Geraniaceae. Bortenschlager, S. 1967 Vorlanfige mitteilungen zur pollenmorphologie in der familie der Geraniaceen und ihre systematisch bedentung Grana Palynologica 7: 400-468.
  • Gesneriaceae. Melhem, T.S. Mauro, C. 1973 Pollen morphological studies in Gesneriaceae. Hoehnea 3: 13-27.
  • Goodeniaceae. Duigan, S.L. 1960 Studies of the pollen grains of plants native to Victoria, Australia I. Goodeniaceae (including Brunonia). Royal Society of Victoria 74: 87-109.
  • Gramineae. Bragg, L.H. 1969 Pollen size variation in selected grass taxa. Ecology 50: 124-128.
  • Gramineae. Albers, F. 1975 Pollenmorphologie und chromosomenzahlen der Poaceen - Subtribus Deschampsiinae Holub Grana Palynologica 15: 7-17
  • Gramineae. Irwin, H. 1965 Identification of the pollen of maize, teosinte, and tripascum by phase contrast microscopy. Botanical museum leaflets, Harvard U. 21: 37-56.
  • Gramineae. Kurtz, E.B. Liverman, J.L. and Tucker, H. 1960 Some problems concerning fossil and modern corn pollen. Bull Torrey Botanical Club 87: 85-94.
  • Grammitidaceae. Nayar, B.K. 1965 Spore morphology of Indian ferns. Grana Palynologica 6: 121 - 127.
  • Hectorellaceae. Cranwell, L.M. 1963 The Hectorellaceae: pollen type and taxonomic speculation. Grana Palynologica 4: 195-202.
  • Hippocrateaceae. Van Campo, M. 1959 Palynologie Africaine. III Les grains de pollen de Hippocratacees d'Afrique de l'Oest Bulletin de l'Ifan 21: 807-899
  • Hippocrateaceae. Van Campo, M. Halle N. 1959 Palynologie africaine III Les grains de pollen des Hippocrateacees d'Afrique de l'Ouest. Bulletn de lI.F.A.N.
  • Icacinaceae. Lobreau-Callen, D. 1972 Pollen des Icacinaceae I. Atlas Pollen et Spores 14: 345 - 388.Schulze, W.
  • Icacinaceae. Lobreau-Callen, D. 1973 Le pollen des Icacinaceae: II Observations en microscopie e'ectronique, correlations, conclusion Pollen et Spores 15: 47-89
  • Icacinaceae. Melhem, T.S. and de Campos, A.C. 1969 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado XXIII - Icacinaceae Martyniaceae and Sapindaceae. An Acad Brasil Cienc 41: 471 - 483.
  • Iridaceae. Goldblatt, P Le Thomas, A. 1992 Pollen apertures, exine sculpturing and phylogeny in Iridaceae subfamily Iridoidea. Rev Palaeobotany Palynology 75: 301-315.
  • Iridaceae. Goldblatt, P, Manning, J.C. Bari, A. 1991 Sulcus and operculum structure in the pollen grains of Iridaceae subfamily Ixioideae. Ann Missouri Bot Gard 78: 950-961.
  • Iridaceae. Schulze, W. 1964 Beitrage zur taxonomische anwendung der pollenmorphologie I. Die gattung Iris L. Grana Palynologica 5: 40-79.
  • Isoetaceae. Berthet, P. Lecocq, M 1977 Morophologie sporale depeces francaises du genere Isoetes L. Pollen et Spores 19: 239-360
  • Juglandaceae. Whitehead, D.R. 1965 Pollen morphology in the Juglandaceae, II: Survey of the family Jour. Arnold Arboretum 46: 369-410
  • Krameriaceae. Simpson, B.B. Skvarla J.J. 1981 Pollen morphology and ultrastructure of Krameria (Krameriaceae): utility in questions of intrafamilial and interfamilial classification. American Jour Botany 68: 277-294.
  • Labiatae. Harley, M.M., Paton, A., Harley, R.M., Cade, P.G. 1992 Pollen morphological studies in tribe Ocimeae (Nepetoidea: Labiatae) I. Ocimum L. Grana Palynologica 31: 161-176.
  • Labiatae. Melhem, T.S. and Matos, M.E.R. 1972 Variabilidade de forma nos Graos de Polen de Eriope crassipes Benth. - Labiatae Hoehnea 2: 1-10.
  • Labiatae. Afzel-Rafii, Z. 1984 Les pollens du genre Salvia et leur evolution Pollen et Spores 25: 351-366.
  • Lecythidaceae. Muller, J. 1973 Pollen morphology of Barringtonia calytrocalyx K. Sch (Lecythidaceae) Grana Palynologica 13: 29-44.
  • Leguminosae. Adams, R.J. Morton, J.K. Smith, M.V 1977 Scanning electron and light microscope studies of pollens of some Leguminosae. J. Apicult. Res. 16: 99-106.
  • Leguminosae. Melhem, T.S. 1966 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado XVII - Leguminosae - Lotoideae: Tribe Hedysarae. Ann Acad Brasileria de Ciencias 38: 485-495.
  • Leguminosae. Melhem, T.S. 1966 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado XVIII - Leguminosae-Lotoideae: Tribe Genisteae. An de Acad Brasileria de Ciencias 38: 497-503.
  • Leguminosae. Melhem, T.S. 1968 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado XX - Leguminosae-Lotoideae: Tribe Dalbergieae. An Acad Brasil Cienc 40: 77-89.
  • Leguminosae. Melhem, T.S. 1968 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado. XX - Leguminosae-Lotoidea: Tribe Dalbergieae. Annals Acad Brasil Cienc 40: 77-89.
  • Leguminosae. Melhem, T.S. 1971 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado - Leguminosae-Lotoidea: Tribe Phaseoleae. Hoehnea 1: 119-151.
  • Leguminosae.. Nair, P.K.K. Sharma, M. 1962 Pollen grains of Indian Plants - IV Leguminosae Part 1. Notional Botanic Gardens, Lucknow, India.
  • Lennoaceae. Drugg, W. S. 1962 Pollen morphology of the Lennoaceae American Journal Botany 49: 1027-1032
  • Lindsheaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. 1963 Sur les spores de Lindsheaceae et de Dennstaeditiaceae de Madagascar et des Mascareignes etude. Pollen et Spores 5: 69--86
  • Loganiaceae. Melhem, T.S. Takahashi, M.C. 1972 Pollen morphological studies - Loganiaceae Hoehnea 2: 11-18.
  • Magnoliaceae. Praglowski, J. 1974 Magnoliaceae Juss. S. Nilsson World Pollen and Spore Flora 3 Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm
  • Magnoliaceae. Walker, J.W. 1976 Comparative pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Ranalean complex. Beck CB (ed) Origin and early evolution of Angiosperms Columbia Univ Press. p 241-299.
  • Malpighiaceae. Morticorena, C. 1962 Morfologia de los granos de polen de las Malpighiaceae Chilenas. Annals Acad. Brasil Cienc. 5:13-17
  • Malvaceae. Barth, O.M. 1975 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arboreas do Brasil meridional XVII Malvaceae Memorias do instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 18
  • Malvaceae. Nari, P.K.K. 1962 Pollen grains of Indian Plants - III. Natioinal Botanic Gardens, Lucknow, India.
  • Marattiaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L 1966 Sur les spores de fougeres malgaches: Filices Marattiales Ophioglossales Pollen et Spores 8: 75-122
  • Martyniaceae. Melhem, T.S. and de Campos, A.C. 1969 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado XXIII - Icacinaceae Martyniaceae and Sapindaceae. An Acad Brasil Cienc 41: 471 - 483.
  • Melastomataceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1975 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arboreas do Brasil meridional XIX Melastomataceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 39-62.
  • Minitaceae. Sorsa, P. Koponen, T. 1973 Spore morphology of Minitaceae Mitt. (Bryophyta) and its taxonomic significance Ann Bot. Fennica 10: 187-200
  • Moraceae. Barth, O.M. Macieira, E.G. Corte-Real, S. 1975 Morfologia do polen anamofilo e alergistante no Brasil Casurinaceae Salicaceae Moraceae Ulmaceae e Urticaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 141-150.
  • Musci. Rushing, A.E. 1985 Spore morphology in the Genus Bruchia Schwater (Musci). Amer Jour Bot 72: 75-85.
  • Myoporaceae. Niezgoda, J Spencer, A 1975 Systematic palynology of the tribe Leucophyllaceae (Scrophulariaceae) and selected Myoporaceae. Pollen et Spores 17: 495-516.
  • Myristicaceae. Canright, J.E. 1963 Contributions of pollen phylogeny of some Ranalean families. Grana Palynologica 4: 64-72
  • Myrtaceae. Nair, P.K.K. 1961 Pollen grains of Indian Plants 1. Bull National Botanic Gardens (India) 53.
  • Myrtaceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1973 Catalogo sistematico do polens das plantas arborea do Brasil meridional XV Myrtaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 70: 467 - 497
  • Myrtaceae. Liu, J. Melhem, T.S. 1973 Palinologia em Myrtaeae. Hoehnea 3: 1-11.
  • Myrtaceae. Loureiro Frenandes E.C. 1967 Morfologia dos graos de polen de isotips de Myrtaceae paranaense. Boletim da Universidade Federal do Parana. Botanica 18: 1-17.
  • Myrtaceae. Braga, R. Lopes Borio,E.B. Guimaraes, O. 1962 Notas palinologicas IV Botanica 6:
  • Nesogenaceae. Raj, B. 1985 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Nesogenaceae and Cyclocheilaceae. Pollen et Spores 27: 295-306.
  • Nyctaginaceae. Nowicke, J.W. 1971 Pollen morphology of the Nyctaginaceae II. Colignonieae, Boldoeae, and Leucastereae Pollen et Spores 11: 145-150
  • Nyctaginaceae. Nowicke, J.W. and Luikart, T.J. 1971 Pollen morphology of the Nyctaginaceae Grana Palynologica 11: 145-150.
  • Nyctaginaceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1972 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arbore as do brasil meridional XIV Nyctaginaceae e Phytolaccaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 70: 241-259.
  • Nymphaceae. Walker, J.W. 1976 Comparative pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Ranalean complex. Beck CB (ed) Origin and early evolution of Angiosperms Columbia Univ Press. p 241-299.
  • Oleaceae. Hubert, J. Charpin, H Charpin, J. 1959 Etude palynologique de quelques Oleacees de ProvenCE. Pollen et Spores 1: 7-13
  • Oleaceae. Maguire, B., Wrudack, J.J., Huant, Y. 1974 Pollen grains of some American Oleaceae Grana Palynologica 14: 26-38.
  • Onagraceae. Praglowski, J, Nowicke, J.W. Raven, H.P., Skvarla, 1988 Onagraceae World Pollen and Spore Flora 16 Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm
  • Onagraceae. Ting, W.S. 1966 Pollen morphology of Onagraceae. Pollen et Spores 8: 9-36
  • Ophioglossaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L 1966 Sur les spores de fougeres malgaches: Filices Marattiales Ophioglossales Pollen et Spores 8: 75-122
  • Ophioglossaceae. Nayar, B.K. Lata, P Tiwari, L.P. 1964 Spore morphology of the ferns of West Tropical Africa Pollen et Spores 6: 546-582.
  • Orchidaceae. Ackerman, J.D. Williams N.H. 1980 Pollen morphology of the tribe Neottieae and its impact on the classification of the Orchidaceae. Grana Palynologica 19: 7-18.
  • Orchidaceae. Huynh, D.-L 1977 Quelques phenomenes de polarite du pollen des Orchidaceae. Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 86: 115-128.
  • Orchidaceae. Zavada, M.S. 1990 A contribution to the study of pollen wall ultrastructure of orchid pollinia. Ann Missouri Bot Gard 77: 785-801.
  • Palmae. Thanikaimoni, G. 1966 Contribution a l'etude palynologie des palmierd. Inst Francais de Pondichery Travaux Sect Scientif et Technique 5: 91 p.
  • Papaveraceae. Henderson, D.M. 1965 The pollen morphology of Meconopsis Grana Palynologica 6: 191-209.
  • Passifloraceae. Presting, D. 1965 Zur morphologie der Passifloraceen Pollen et Spores 7: 193-247.
  • Passifloraceae. Spirlet, M.-L 1965 Utilisation taxonimique des grains de pollen de Passifloracees Pollen et Spores 7: 249 - 301.
  • Passifloraceae. Huynh, K.-L. 1972 Etude de l'arrangement du pollen dans la tetrade chez les angiospermes sur la base de donnees cytologiques IV le genre Passiflora Pollen et Spores 14: 51-60.
  • Phytolaccaceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1972 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arbore as do brasil meridional XIV Nyctaginaceae e Phytolaccaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 70: 241-259.
  • Phytolaccaceae. Bortenschlager, S. 1973 Morphologie pollinique des Phytolaccaceae Pollen et Spores 15: 227-254.
  • Pinaceae. Klaus, W. 1972 Summary of saccuische Pinus sylvestris an P. mugo ffoenzuemgen an pollenkornirn Pinus Arten Oorterreich Botan Zietsxhoff 120: 93-166
  • Pinaceae. Weir, G.H Thurston E.L. 1975 Scanning electron miscroscopic identification of fossil Pinaceae pollen to species by surface morphology Proc ith Annual Meeting AASP
  • Pinaceae. Dyakowska, J. 1958 On the possibility of determination of the pollen of the genus Abies. Acta Biologica Cracoviensia 1: 57-68
  • Pinaceae. Gerasimov, D.A. 1930 On the characteristics of the pollen of Larix and Pinus cembra in peat. Geol Foren. Forhandl. 52: 111-115
  • Pinaceae. Dyakowska, J. 1964 The variability of the pollen grains of Picea excelsa Link Acta Societalis Botanicorum Poloniae 33: 727-748
  • Pinaceae. Hansen, B.S. Cushing, E.J. 1973 Identification of pine pollen of late Quaternary age from the Chuska Mountains, New Mexico. Geol. Soc. America Bull 84: 1181-1200
  • Piperaceae. Barth, O.M. Barbosa, A.F. 1975 Catalogo sistematico dos polens das plantas arboreas do Brasil meridional XX Chloranthaceae e Piperaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 101-108.
  • Plumbaginaceae. Praglowski, J. Erdtman, G. 1969 On the morphology of the pollen granis in Armeria sibirica in specimens from between longitude 30 o W and 60 o E. Grana Palynologica 9: 72-91
  • Podestemaceae. Bezuidenharet A 1964 The pollen of the African Podestemaceae Pollen et Spores 6: 463 - 478
  • Podocarpaceae. Cranwell, L.M. 1940 Pollen grains of the New Zealand conifers New Zealand Journal Science Technol. 22: 1-17
  • Podocarpaceae. Cranwell, L.M. 1961 Coniferous pollen types of the southern hemisphere aberation in Acompyle and Podocarpus Dacrydoides Journal Arnold Arboretum 43: 416 - 423
  • Podocarpaceae. Ueno, J. 1960 Palynological notes of Podocarpaceae Acta Phytotax Geobot 43: 198-207
  • Podocarpaceae. Martin, A.R.H. 1957 South African palynological studies I statistical and morphological variation in the pollen of South African species of Podocarpus Grana Palynologica 2: 40-67.
  • Polemoniaceae. Loeblich, A.R. 1964 The pollen grain morphology of Collomia as a taxonomic tool. Madrono 17: 205-236.
  • Polemoniaceae. Marticorena, C. 1961 Morfologia de los granos de polen de las Polemoniaceae Chilenas Gayana Inst Central Biologia Concepcion Chile
  • Polypodiaceae. Bellenof A.J. Heusser, C.J. 1974 Sore morphology of the polypodiaceae of Northeastern North America Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club 101: 326-329.
  • Polypodiaceae. Nayar, B.K. 1963 Spore morphology of Lexogramme Grana Palynologica 4: 388-392
  • Polypodiaceae. Nayar, B.K. Dervi, S 1964 Spore morphology of Indian ferns Grana Palynologica 5: 342-395
  • Pontederiaceae. Rao, T. S. Rao, R.R. 1962 Pollen morphology of Pontederiaceae Pollen et Spores 3: 45-46
  • Portulacaceae. Nilsson, O 1967 Studies in Montia L. and Claytonia L. and allied genera III: pollen morphology Erdtman et al 279-353
  • Proteaceae. Haas, J.E. 1975 The pollen of Bleasdalea and related genera of Proteaceae Pollen et Spores 18: 389-409
  • Proteaceae. Nelson, C 1974 Studies in Adenanthos (Proteaceae) pollen morphology Pollen et Spores 16: 389-409
  • Pteridaceae. Lugardon, B 1963 Les spores des Pteridacees de Francia Pollen et Spores 5: 22-335
  • Pteridaceae. Nayar, B.K. Perei, S. 1966 Sporemorphology of the PteridaceaeI The Pteridoid ferns Grana Palynologica 6: 476-502
  • Pteridaceae. Nayar, B.K. Perei, S. 1967 Spore morphology of the Pteridaceae II. The Gymnogrammoid ferns Grana Palynologica 7: 568-600.
  • Pteridaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L 1961 Sur les spores de Pterideae Malgaches Pollen et Spores 2: 337-353
  • Pteridophyta. Merville, M 1965 Key for the identification of genera of Pteridophyta of Fuego Patagonia u pp.
  • Pteridophyta. Moe, D. 1974 Identification key for trilete microspores of Fennoscandian Pteridophyta Grana Palynologica 14:132-142
  • Pucciniaceae. Bennell, A.P. 1978 The teliospores of Puccinia smyini Uredinales Grana Palynologica 17: 17-27
  • Rananculaceae. Skvarla, J.J. and Nowicke, J.W. 1979 The morphology of the exine in Nigella (Ranunculaceae). American Jour Botany 66: 162-165.
  • Ranunculaceae. Huyna, K.L. 1970 Le pollen du genre Anemone et du genre Hepatica et lour taxonomie Pollen et Spores 12: 329-364
  • Ranunculaceae. Mkrtchyan S.S. Agalabyan V.S. 1978 On the pollenmorphological types of Armenian Ranununculaceae 31: 219-222
  • Ranunculaceae. Nowicke, J.W. and Skvarla, J.J. 1983 Apalynological study of the genus Helleborus (Ranunculaceae). Grana Palynologica 22: 129-140.
  • Ranunculaceae. Vishnu-Mittre Sharma B.D. 1962 Studies of Indian pollen grains 2. Ranunculaceae Pollen et Spores 2: 285-296
  • Ranunculaceae. Boet, J van der Spoil M.R. 1968 Description of Ranunculus repens L. and Ranunculus arvensis L pollen Acta Bot. Neerlandica 17: 173-182
  • Rapateaceae. Carlquist, S. 1961 Pollen morphology of Rapateaceae Aliso 5: 39-66
  • Resoniaceae. Chandra, S. 1966 On the pollen morphology of the Centrolepidaceae, Resoniaceae, and Flagellariaceae, with special reference to taxonomy Grana Palynologica 6: 355-415.
  • Restinaceae. Chandra, S. 1966 On the pollen morphology of the Centrolepidaceae, Restionaceae and Flagellariaceae, with special reference to taxonomy Grana Palynologica 6: 355-415.
  • Restionace. Ladd, P.G. 1977 Pollen morphoogy of some members of the Restionace and related families, with notes on the fossil record. Grana Palynologica 16: 1-14
  • Rosaceae. Pulcher, J.R. 1968 Some applications of scanning electron microscopy to the study of modern and fossil pollen. Ulster Journal Archaeology 31: 87-92.
  • Rosaceae. Teppner H 1966 Zur kenntnisder Woldsteinia, L Phyton 11: 224-238
  • Rubiaceae. Bremekamp, C.E.B. 1963 On pollen dimorphism in heterostylous Psychotrieae especially in the Genus Mapouria Aubl. Grana Palynologica 4: 53-63.
  • Rubiaceae. Johansson, J.T. 1987 Pollen morphology of the tribe Morindeae (Rubiaceae). Grana Palynologica 26: 134-150.
  • Rubiaceae. Moens, P. 1962 Observationes sur le pollen de quelques especes du genera coffea et de certains genres voisins Pollen et Spores 4: 47-64.
  • Russulaceae. Pegler, D.N. Young, T.W.K. 1981 Russulaceae Roze S Nilsson WOrld Pollen and Spore Flora 10. Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm
  • Salicaceae. Barth, O.M. Macieira, E.G. Corte-Real, S. 1975 Morfologia do polen anamofilo e alergistante no Brasil Casurinaceae Salicaceae Moraceae Ulmaceae e Urticaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 141-150.
  • Salicaceae. Ludi V.W. 1950 Beitrag zur kenntmis der Salix und Artemisia pollen. Berecht uber das Geobotanische 101-109
  • Santalaceae. Huynh, K.-L. 1977 L'aperture et la position unihale de la cellule generative dans le pollen heteropolaire du genre thesium. Bulletin de la societe Nauchateloises des Sciences Naturelles 100: 127-136
  • Sapindaceae. Melhem, T.S. and de Campos, A.C. 1969 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado XXIII - Icacinaceae Martyniaceae and Sapindaceae. An Acad Brasil Cienc 41: 471 - 483.
  • Sapindaceae. George, A.S. Erdtman, G. 1969 Revision of the genus Diplopeltis Endl. Grana Palynologica 9: 1-3.
  • Sapindaceae. Merville, M 1965 Le pollen des Sapindacees d'Afrique occidentale Pollen et Spores 7:465-489
  • Sarcolaenaceae. Straka, H 1964 Palynologia Madagassica et Mascarenica Pollen et Spores 6: 289-301.
  • Sarraceniaceae. Thanikaimoni, G.G 1972 Sarraceniaceae: palynology and systematics Pollen et Spores 14: 143-153.
  • Saxifragaceae. Pastre, A. Pons, A 1973 Quelques aspects de la systematique des Saxifragacees a la lumiere des donnees de la palynologie Pollen et Spores 15: 117-133.
  • Saxifragaceae. Heywood, V.H. 1969 Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials Micron 1: 1-14.
  • Schisandraceae. Pragleriski, J 1976 World pollen flora 5: Angiospermae Schisandraceae Nilson, S Ed. Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Co Stockholm
  • Schisandraceae. Praglowski J. 1976 Schisandraceae Bl Nilsson World Pollen and Spore Flora Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm
  • Schisandraceae. Huynh, P.-L. 1976 L'arrangement du pollen du genre Schisandra (Schisandraceae) et la signification phytogenique chez les Angiosperms Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 52: 227-253
  • Schisandraceae. Jalan, S. Kapil, R.N. 1964 Pollen grains of Schisandra Michaux Grana Palynologica 5: 216-221
  • Schizeaceae. Mickel, J.T. 1962 A monographic study of the fern genus Anemia, subgenus Coptophyllum Iowa State Journal Science 36: 349-482
  • Scrophulariaceae. Niezgoda, J Spencer, A 1975 Systematic palynology of the tribe Leucophyllaceae (Scrophulariaceae) and selected Myoporaceae. Pollen et Spores 17: 495-516.
  • Sinopteridaceae. Devi, Santha, Nayar, B.K. Knoblac, I.W. 1970 Spore morphology of some American species of Cheilanthes and Notholaena. Grana Palynologica 11:27-35.
  • Solanaceae. Braga, R. Lopes Borio,E.B. Guimaraes, O. 1962 Notas palinologicas IV Botanica 6:
  • Solanaceae. Anderson, G.J. Gensel, P.G. 9176 Pollen morphology and the systematics of Solanum section Basarthrum Pollen et Spores 14: 533-552.
  • Solanaceae. Murray, L.E. Eshbaugh, W.H 1971 A palynological study of Solaninae (Solanaceae) Grana Palynologica 11: 65-78
  • Sonneratiaceae. Muller, J. 1978 New observations on pollen morphology and fossil distribution of the genus Sonneratia Rev. Paleobotany Palynology 26: 277-300
  • Sterculiaceae. Litchfield, W.H. 1966 The pollen morphology of Australian Sterculiaceae Pollen et Spores 8: 439-453.
  • Sterculiaceae. Robyns, A., Nilsson, S. Dechamps, R. 1977 Sur la position systematique du genra Maxwellia Baillon Bull. Jard Bot. Nat. Belgium 47: 145-153.
  • Sterculiaceae. Cristobal, C.L. 1968 Estudio morfologico de les granas de polen de Byttneria Pollen et Spores 10: 57-72
  • Stilbaceae. Raj, B. 1983 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Stilbaceae Kunth. Pollen et Spores 25: 395-408.
  • Stilbaceae. Raj, B. 1983 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Stilbaceae Kunth. Polen et Spores 25: 395-408.
  • Stycidiaceae. Bronckeus, F. Stainier, F 1972 Contribution a l'etude morphologique du pollen de la famille des styciidiaceae Grana Palynologica 12: 1-22
  • Styracaceae. Melhem, T.S. de Moura, C.A.F., Lieu J. 1971 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado - Styracaceae and Turneraceae. Hoehnea 1: 153-178.
  • Symphoremaceae. Raj, B. 1984 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Symphoremaceae Pollen et Spores 26: 353-384.
  • Symplocaceae. Van der Meijden, R. 1970 A survey of the pollen morphology of the Indo Pacific species of Symploces Pollen et Spores 12: 513-551
  • Tamaricaceae. Baum, B.R. Barrett, I.J. Crompton, C.W. 1971 Pollen morphology of Tamarix species and its relationship to the taxonomy of the genus. Pollen et Spores 13: 495-521.
  • Taxaceae. Ueno, J. 1959 Some palynological observations of Taxaceae, Cupressaceae, and Araucariaceae. Journal Institute Polytechnics 10: 75-87
  • Tetracentraceae. Praglowski, J 1975 The pollen morphology of the Trochopendraceae Tetracentraceae Cercidiphylaceae Eupteleaceae with reference to taxonomy Pollen et Spores 16: 449-467.
  • Theligonaceae. Praglowski, J 1975 The pollen morphology of the Theligonaceae with reference to taxonomy Pollen et Spores 15: 385-395.
  • Thylypteridaceae. Tardieu-Blot, M.-L. 1965 Sur les spores d'Adianthaceae, Aspleniaceae, Thelypteridaceae et Athyriaceae de Madascar. Pollen et Spores 7: 319-338
  • Tiliaceae. Bamps, P. Rolyns, A. 1977 Westphalina macrasarpa gen et sp. nov. du Guatemal Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Bell. 47: 183-139
  • Tiliaceae. Chambers, T.C. Godwin, H 1961 The fine structure of the pollen wall of Tilia platyphyllus New Phytologist 60: 393-399
  • Tiliaceae. Datta, R.M. and Panda, B.S> 1961 Pollen grain morphology of Cercherus asplenifolius Pollen et Spores 2: 261-263
  • Tiliaceae. Patel, G.I. Datta, R.M. 1958 Pollen grain studies in various types of Corcharus olitorius L C> Capisularis L and some other species of Conchorus Grana Palynologica 1: 18-24
  • Triticeae. Rajendra, B.R. Tomb, A.S. Mypeb, K.A. Bates LS 1977 Pollen morphology of selected Triticeae Pollen et Spores 20:145-165
  • Trochopendraceae. Praglowski, J 1975 The pollen morphology of the Trochopendraceae Tetracentraceae Cercidiphylaceae Eupteleaceae with reference to taxonomy Pollen et Spores 16: 449-467.
  • Turneraceae.. Melhem, T.S. de Moura, C.A.F., Lieu J. 1971 Pollen grains of plants of the Cerrado - Styracaceae and Turneraceae. Hoehnea 1: 153-178.
  • Ulmaceae. Barth, O.M. Macieira, E.G. Corte-Real, S. 1975 Morfologia do polen anamofilo e alergistante no Brasil Casurinaceae Salicaceae Moraceae Ulmaceae e Urticaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 141-150.
  • Ulmaceae. Hamilton, A.C. 1976 Identification of East African Urticales pollen. Pollen et Spores 8: 27-66.
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1959 Cle de determination d'Ombelliferes de France et d'Afrique nord d'apres leurs grains de pollen Pollen et Spores 1: 145-189.
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1963 Le pollen d'ombelliferes Mediterraneennes I Echinophore Pollen et Spores 4: 95-104
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1963 Cle de determination d'ombellifered de France et d'afrique do nord d'apres leurs grains de pollen. Pollen et Spores 1: 145-190.
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1964 Le pollen d'Ombelliferes Mediterraneennes II Tordylonae. Pollen et Spores 5: 297-323
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1978 Appert de la palynologie a la connaussance des Ombelliferes actuelles et fossiles Actessymposium Internat sur les Ombelliferes : 213
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1980 Umbelliferae Juss. World pollen and spore flora 9. Almquist & Wiksell Periodical Company Stockholm
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. Derouet, L. 1975 Appert de la microscopie electronique e balyage a la connaissane de l'ultrastructure de l'exine de pollenes d' ombelliferes Soc Bot. Fr. Coll. Palinologie 93-95.
  • Umbelliferae. Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. Roland, F Heydacker MC Carb 1977 Contribution palynologique a l'etude de van a vanasuchevapedata, Ombellifere archaique de sud de L'Inde Pollen et Spores 19: 285-297:
  • Umbelliferae. Graas-Cavagnetto, C, Cerceau-Larrival, M.T. 1977 Presence de pollens d'ombelliferes fossils dans le paleogene du bassin anglo-Parresian: prelimineres resultata Actes symposium Internat Ombelliferes Paris : 255-
  • Umbelliferae. Ting, W.S. 1961 On some pollen of Californian umbelliferae Pollen et Spores 3: 189-199
  • Umbelliferae. Ting, W.S., Tseng, C.C. Mathias, M.E. 1964 A survey of pollen morphology of the Hydrocotyloideae Pollen et Spores 6: 479-514.
  • Urticace. Barth, O.M. Macieira, E.G. Corte-Real, S. 1975 Morfologia do polen anamofilo e alergistante no Brasil Casurinaceae Salicaceae Moraceae Ulmaceae e Urticaceae Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 73: 141-150.
  • Urticaceae. Hamilton, A.C. 1976 Identification of East African Urticales pollen. Pollen et Spores 8: 27-66.
  • Verbebaceae. Raj, B. 1983 A contribution to the pollen morphology of Verbenaceae Rev Paleobotany Palynology 39: 343-422.
  • Vitaceae. Reille, M 1967 Contribution a l'etude palynologique de la famille de Vitacees Pollen et Spores 9: 279-303.
  • Winteraceae. Fiser, J. Walker, D 1967 Notes on pollen morphology of Drimys Forst. section Tasmannia (R. Br.) F. Muell Pollen et Spores 9: 229-239
  • Winteraceae. Walker, J.W. 1976 Comparative pollen morphology and phylogeny of the Ranalean complex. Beck CB (ed) Origin and early evolution of Angiosperms Columbia Univ Press. p 241-299.
  • - -. Bonnefille, R Riollet, G. 1980 Pollens des savanes d'Afrique orientale. Editions du centre national de la Recherche Scientifique
  • - -. Huang, T.-C. Chen, Y-Y. 1969 Pollen grains of Formosan plants. Experimental Forest National Tiwan University Technical Bulletin 77
  • - -. Sowunmi, M.A. 1983 Pollen of Nigerian Plants I Grana Palynologica 13: 160-178.
  • - -. Traverse A. 1955 Occurrence of the oil-forming Botryococcus in lignites and other Tertiary sediments. Micropaleontology 1: 343-350.

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