Colwell, Robert K., STOWAWAYS ON THE HUMMINGBIRD EXPRESS, Natural History: 57-63, 1985

Colwell, Robert K.; Burr J. Betts; Pille Bunnell; F. Lynn Carpenter and Peter Feinsinger 
COMPETITION FOR THE NECTAR OF CENTROPOGON VALERII BY THE HUMMINGBIRD COLIBRI THALASSINUS 
AND THE FLOWER-PIERCER DIGLOSSA PLUMBEA, AND ITS EVOLUTIONARY IMPLICATIONS. 
Condor; 76(4):447-452. 1974. WR 157:43 

Colwell, R.K. 1979, The geographical ecology of hummingbird flower mites in relation 
to their host plants and carriers: In J.G. Rodriguez (Ed.). 
Recent advances in acarology. pp. 461–468. Academic Press, New York, New York. 

Colwell, R.K. 1983, Rhinoseius colwelli (Acaro floral del colibrí Totolate floral de colibrí, 
Hummingbird flower mite): In D.H. Janzen (Ed.). Costa Rican natural history. 
pp. 767–768. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. 

Colwell, R.K. 1986, Population structure and sexual selection for host fidelity in the 
speciation of hummingbird flower mites: In S. Karlin and E. Nevo (Eds.). 
Evolutionary processes and theory. pp. 475–495. Academic Press, New York, New York. 

Colwell, R.K. 1995, Effects of nectar consumption by the hummingbird flower mite 
Proctolaelaps kimsei on nectar availability in Hamelia patens: Biotropica. 27 206–217. 

Colwell, R.K., and S. Naeem. 1979, The first known species of hummingbird flower 
mite north of Mexico: Rhinoseius epoecus n.sp. (Mesostigmata: Ascidae): 
Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 72 485–491. 

Colwell, R.K., and S. Naeem. 1993, Life–history patterns of hummingbird flower mites 
in relation to host phenology and morphology: In M. A. Houck (Ed.). Mites. 
Ecological and evolutionary analysis of life history patterns. pp. 23–44. 
Chapman and Hall, New York, New York. 

Dobkin, D.S. 1990, Distribution patterns of hummingbird flower mites (Gamasida: Ascidae) 
in relation to floral availability on Heliconia inflorescences: Behav. Ecol. 1 131–139

Heyneman, A. J., R. K. Colwell, S. Naeem, D. S. Dobkin, and B. Hallet. 1991. Host plant 
discrimination: experiments with hummingbird flower mites. In Plant-Animal Interactions: 
Evolutionary Ecology in Tropical and Temperate Regions. (eds.) P. W. Price, 
T. M. Lewinsohn, G. W. Fernandes, and W. W. Benson, 455-85. New York: John Wiley.

Naeem, Shahid; David S. Dobkin and Barry M. OConnor LASIOSEIUS MITES 
(ACARI: GAMASIDA: ASCIDAE) ASSOCIATED WITH HUMMINGBIRD-POLLINATED FLOWERS IN TRINIDAD, 
WEST INDIES. Int. J. Entomol.; 27(4):338-353. 1985. WR 201 

- several papers of R.K. Colwell and also D.S. Dobkin
- Inouye, D.W., 1983: The ecology of nectar robbing.- B. Bentley & T. Elias (eds.): 
The biology of nectaries., NY
- Paciorek, CB, Moyer, B., Levin, R. & Halpern, S, 1995: Pollen consumption by the 
mite Proctolaelaps kirmsei and possible fitness effects on Hamelia patens.- Biotropica 27: 258-262
- Lara, C & Ornelas, JF, 2002: Flower mites and nectar production in six 
hummingbird-pollinated plants with contrasting flower longevities.- Can. J. Bot. 80: 1216-1229
Petra Wester
Institut für Spezielle Botanik und Botanischer Garten
Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz
Bentzelweg 2
D-55099 Mainz
Germany

www.cyberspace.org/~goertz/beep2.html
 Insects that eat pollen and drink nectar
Compiled from Burgess (1991), Kevan & Baker (1983), and Kratochwil (1983).
 
   ACARI
       Gamasida (Mesostigmata:Parasitidae)
      Parasitus coleopterorum,L=0.6mm, (Poecilochirus sp.?) is an
      orange-colored mite which travels on Coleoptera (Silpha,Nicrophorus,
      Silphidae only?) and may be found left behind on yellow composite 
      flowers eating pollen. Info is needed here!
   COLLEMBOLA
   BLATTARIA
   DERMAPTERA
   ORTHOPTERA
   PLECOPTERA
   HEMIPTERA
       Anthocoridae
       Miridae
   THYSANOPTERA
   NEUROPTERA
   MECOPTERA
   COLEOPTERA
    common on flowers   
      Nitidulidae
      Cerambycidae
      Oedemeridae
      Elateridae
    less common on flowers 
      Alleculidae
      Buprestidae
      Cantharidae
      Cephaloidae
      Chrysomelidae   
      Cleridae
      Curculionidae
      Dermestidae
      Languriidae
      Meloidae
      Melyridae
      Mordellidae
      Phalacridae
      Scarabidae
      Carabidae (a few are feeding on pollen)
   DIPTERA
    Common on flowers:
      Syrphidae
      Tachinidae
      Bombyliidae 
    Less common on flowers:
      Anthomyiidae
      Calliphoridae
      Muscidae
      Sarcophagidae
    Rarely found on flowers:
      Acroceridae
      Agromyzidae
      Conopidae
      Empididae
      Phoridae
      Psilidae
      Rhagionidae
      Sepsidae
      Tabanidae
      Tephritidae
      Bibionidae
      Cecidomyiidae
      Ceratopogonidae
      Culicidae
      Tipulidae