BIOTIC RESPONSE TO RECENT CLIMATE CHANGE

Biota

Location

Change

Climate Link

Treeline

Europe, New Zealand

Upward shift

Warming

Arctic Shrub Tundra

Alaska

Spread

Warming

Alpine Plants

Alps

Upward shift

Warming

Biota

Antarctica

Spread

Melting

Zooplankton

Calif. & N. Atlantic

Population increase

Warming

Butterflies (39 spp.)

N Amer. & Europe

Northward shift, 200 km

Warming

Birds, lowland

Costa Rica

Expansion upward

Dry-season mists

Birds, migratory

England

Northward shift, 20 km

Winter Warming

Birds, migratory

England

Earlier but, too late for food

Spring Warming

Foxes, red, white

Canada

Northward boundary shift

Warming

Walther, G-R, Post, E., Convey,P., Menzel, A., Parmesan, C., Beebee, T.J.C., Fromentin, J-M., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Barlein, F. 2002. Ecological responses to recent climatic change. NATURE 416: 389-395.
Temperature Precipitation Flowering & Hatching Invasion by Exotics