Developed/Developing

Eight Most Deadly Infectious Diseases
1990 vs. 2004

Disease Cause Cases/yr 1990 Deaths/yr 1990 Deaths/yr 2004
Respiratory infections* Fungi, Bacteria, viruses 1 billion 4.7 million 3.9 million
Diarrheas** Bacteria, viruses, protozoa 1.8 billion 3.1 million 1.8 million
Tuberculosis Bacterium 9 million 3.1 million 1.5 million
Malaria Sporozoan 110 million 2.6 million 1.3 million
AIDS HIV 5.6 million 4 million ? 2.8 million
Measles Virus 200 million 1 million 0.6 million
Hepatitus B Virus 200 million 1 million 0.1 million
Tetanus Bacterium 1 million ½ million 0.2 million
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Prions 6 thousand ? n.l.
* includes pneumonia, influenza, and whooping cough
** includes amoebic dysentery, cryptosporidiosis, and gastroenteritis
    Catastrophies accidental death
2004 http://www.who.int/whr/2004/annex/en/index.html

"Adult" Causes of Death, 1999, Global


www.uky.edu/Classes/PHI/350/cod.htm
  United States (1994)  Developed Regions (1990)  Developing Regions (1990)
1 Heart Disease Heart Disease Lower Respiratory Infections 
2 Cancer  Cerebrovascular Heart Disease
3 Cerebrovascular Trachea, Bronchus Cerebrovascular & Lung Cancer
4 COPD   Lower Respiratory Infections Diarrheal Diseases
5 Accidents COPD Conditions During Perinatal Period 
6  Pneumnia & Flu  Colon & Rectum Cancer Tuberculosis
7 Diabetes Stomach Cancer COPD
8 AIDS Traffic Accidents Measles
9 Suicide Self-inflicted Malaria
10 Liver, Cirrhosis Diabetes Traffic Accidents
COPD = Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Infectious Diseases, 1890-1994, USA


www.cdc.gov/

Year 2020 Projection (Global)

www.cia.gov/cia/reports/nie/report/nie99-17d.html
1990 rank Cause of death 2020 rank
1 Lower respiratory infections 6
2 Diarrheal diseases 9
3 Conditions arising during perinatal period 11
4 Unipolar major depression 2
5 Ischemic heart disease 1
6 Cerebrovascular disease 4
7 Tuberculosis 7
8 Measles 25
9 Road traffic deaths 3
10 Congenital abnormalities 13
11 Malaria 24
12 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 5
13 Falls 19
14 Iron-deficiency anemia 39
15 Protein-energy malnutrition 37
16 War 8
17 Self-inflicted injuries 14
19 Violence 12
28 HIV 10
33 Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers 15